Wednesday, October 29, 2014

F# Sydney - F# Type Providers and Recursion

October's F# Sydney meeting was about F# Type Providers by Hadi Eskandari (@hadi_es) and Recursion in F# by myself. Also Troy Kershaw (@troykershaw) presented the F# news for the month.

Here are the recordings:

F# News by Troy Kershaw (@troykershaw)

Recursion in F# by Jorge Fioranelli (@jorgefioranelli)

F# Type Providers by Hadi Eskandari (@hadi_es)

In our next meeting Troy Kershaw will be presenting a workshop called "Functionland: A romance of many paradigms". If you are in Sydney and want come and write some F#, please RSVP here.

Thursday, October 9, 2014

F# Sydney - Using F# from C# projects and Xamarin.Forms

In our September's meetingTroy Kershaw gave a short but very popular talk about using Xamarin.Forms and F#, it was very good, you can watch it here:

Brendan Duffy gave a nice presentation about the things we need to have in account when exposing F# code to C# projects.

And I presented the F# news for that period, here is the video:

Our next meeting was only a few days ago (7-Oct), the main topic was Type Providers and we also discussed quickly about Recursion. We will be publishing the videos soon.

Saturday, August 30, 2014

F# Sydney - Reaching Goals and Pipelining Operator

In the last F# Sydney meeting I gave a quick session titled "Write Clean Code using the Pipelining Operator in F#". It is basically a short introduction to the pipelining operator in F#, it is only 7 mins. Here it is the video:

Nelson Lin gave a nice presentation titled "Reaching personal goals with F#, literally!" where he showed how to use discriminated unions, record types, functional lists and units of measure in a real application. Here you can watch the recording:

And Troy Kershaw (@troykershaw) presented F# news:

The main topic for our next meeting is "Using F# in C# Projects" by Brendan Duffy. Also Troy Kershaw will be presenting some cool tips for Xamarin in F#.

If you are in Sydney come and join us!, if you are not, don't worry, we will publish the videos in a few days.

Saturday, August 23, 2014

F# Sydney - Pure Functions and Option Types

A few weeks ago Troy Kershaw and I started organising  the F# User Group Sydney.

If you like functional programming (or want to learn) and you are a .net developer, then F# is the perfect language for you, join the group!

In our first meeting we had two presentations:

Stay pure and don't become a mutant
by Troy Kershaw @troykershaw 

Using option types in F#

Saturday, August 9, 2014

Introduction to Domain-Driven Design

Recently I gave a presentation at the DDD Melbourne conference about Domain-Driven Design. It was a quick introduction to the topic, inspired by Vaughn Vernon's book. Here it is the recording (I apologise for the audio quality).

Some of the snippets shown in the presentation are simplified to help beginners to understand the concepts. One clear example is the one related to Domain Events. Although you can raise events the way it is explained in the presentation, a much better approach is the one explained by Jimmy Bogard in this post. The reason why I prefer Jimmy's solution is that it allows you to handle events after the Aggregate is persisted (thanks to @lavinski for the reference).

Monday, December 12, 2011

Metrics in Brownfield Applications

Brownfield applications are everywhere, and as we all know, in most of the cases their codebases are quite messy.

During the last weeks, I have been reading a really nice book called "Brownfield Application Development in .Net" (by Kyle Baley and Donald Belcham). If you are currently working in a brownfield project and have the feeling that you could improve your career finding another job, I would recommend you to read this book first. And then, if after reading it you can't improve the application, you can go and find a better job. As they say, "change the environment, or change the environment" :).

Working in a brownfield project means that you have a version of the application running in production, probably a large amount of bugs to fix, some new features to add and a lot of places where the code could be improved.

So now the question is: how can we convince our manager to let us spend some of our time improving the existing code instead of adding new features?

Certainly that is not an easy task, but here there are some good reasons to do it:
  • Experienced developers don't want to touch messy codebases, so your manager will end up having a lot of junior developers and staff turnover. 
  • Changing existing features or adding new ones is easier when the codebase is clean (and probably the amount of time required is less). 
  • When developers are proud of the codebase, they are more committed with the quality and don't let anyone to mess it up. 
So, how do metrics can help to achieve this? Well, managers love numbers, if they see numbers, they can measure progress, they can show graphs to their bosses and they can understand (or at least try to) how the application is improved.

Here you have a list of metrics that can be useful in a brownfield application (for more details, see chapter 5 of the book):
  1. Code Coverage: percentage of the code that is covered by tests. 
  2. Cyclomatic Complexity: how complex is the application, measuring the numbers of paths in the code (if, loops). 
  3. Class Coupling: how dependent are the classes on other classes (there are two types: afferent and efferent). 
  4. Cohesion: how strongly-related are functions and responsibilities. 
  5. Distance form the main sequence: using abstractness and instability determines which classes are in the zone of pain and which ones are in the zone of uselessness. 
  6. Depth of inheritance: how many levels of inheritance the classes have. 
  7. Maintainability Index: using complexity and lines of code determines  how maintainable the code is. 

Selecting and measuring some of these metrics will help you to understand which are the pain points and will allow you to show your manager the improvements the team has done.

For more information about metrics you can check this post of Scott Hanselman and this document about NDepend metrics.

As a final thought, just a warning, metrics are just that: metrics. They should be applied with common sense. Be careful managing the manager's expectations and be sure that the entire team agrees with them.

Wednesday, July 20, 2011

MsmqException (0xC00E0051) 60 seconds after a WCF Service is executed

I know that this is the type of posts that only few people will find interesting.
But so many times I googled about some weird exception message, found that another developer wrote about it and saved me hours of work, that now, after spending several days trying to solve this issue, I feel an obligation to post about it.


When using NetMsmqBinding with a transactional queue and a Service is exposed with more than one Endpoint (two o more svc files with the same service type defined in the markup), a MsmqException is sometimes thrown just 60 seconds after the message is processed.

<%@ServiceHost language="c#" Debug="true" Service="Service" %>

<%@ServiceHost language="c#" Debug="true" Service="Service" %>

<service name="Service">
  <endpoint contract="IService1" binding="netMsmqBinding" 
    address="net.msmq://localhost/private/MsmqService/Service1.svc" />
  <endpoint contract="IService2" binding="netMsmqBinding" 
    address="net.msmq://localhost/private/MsmqService/Service2.svc" />

public class Service : IService1, IService2 {...}

System.ServiceModel.MsmqException (0xC00E0051): An error occurred while receiving a message from the queue: Unrecognized error -1072824239 (0xc00e0051). Ensure that MSMQ is installed and running. Make sure the queue is available to receive from. at System.ServiceModel.Channels.MsmqInputChannelBase.TryReceive(TimeSpan timeout, Message& message) at System.ServiceModel.Dispatcher.InputChannelBinder.TryReceive(TimeSpan timeout, RequestContext& requestContext) at System.ServiceModel.Dispatcher.ErrorHandlingReceiver.TryReceive(TimeSpan timeout, RequestContext& requestContext)

Note: You won't see the exception unless you enable the WCF Trace (system.diagnostics) or add an IErrorHandler.


This issue occurs because the SMSvcHost.exe is activating two ServiceHost instances using the *same* endpoint when a new message arrives.

While the first instance receives and process the message, committing the corresponding COM+ transaction, the second instance creates another COM+ transaction and waits for another incoming message.

After 60 seconds, the second transaction is aborted (COM+ timeout error 0xC00E0051) and the exception is thrown.


Instead of creating one Service with two Endpoints, you need to create two separate Services with just one Endpoint each of them.

<%@ServiceHost language="c#" Debug="true" Service="Service1"%>

<%@ServiceHost language="c#" Debug="true" Service="Service2"%>

<service name="Service1">
  <endpoint contract="IService1" binding="netMsmqBinding" 
    address="net.msmq://localhost/private/MsmqService/Service1.svc" />
<service name="Service2">
  <endpoint contract="IService2" binding="netMsmqBinding" 
    address="net.msmq://localhost/private/MsmqService/Service2.svc" />

public class Service1 : IService1 {...}
public class Service2 : IService2 {...}

After doing that, only one instance of the ServiceHost is created, so the COM+ timeout exception is not thrown anymore.

I have created a bug in

Additional Information

When the exception is thrown, sometimes the ServiceHost faults and the SMSvcHost.exe process doesn't call it again.

The following fix seems to solve this issue: 2504602 (download).

Another way to solve this is to attach a handler to the ServiceHost.Faulted event and re-create the ServiceHost every time this happens (for more details see this link).